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December 9, 1939

HYPOSPADIAS: OBSERVATIONS ON ITS SURGICAL CORRECTION

JAMA. 1939;113(24):2138-2143. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800490034009
Abstract

The best evidence that no standard operation for the correction of the hypospadic deformity has been recognized by the surgical profession is the variety of methods employed by different men to achieve the same end result. It is obviously impossible in a short article such as this one to name all the authors who have contributed to this field, but one should mention Duplay,1 Ombrédanne,2 Thiersch,3 Nové-Josserand,4 Bucknall5 and Beck6 among the older writers and Blair,7 Cabot,8 Cecil,9 Crabtree,10 Hagner,11 O'Conor,12 Lowsley,13 Higgins, Clinton Smith14 and Young15 among the later writers.

IMPORTANCE OF CORRECTING THE PENILE CURVATURE  There are two prominent features of every hypospadic deformity: the defective urethra and the ventral curvature of the penis. There may be other associated pathologic changes such as undescended testicles, but the two conditions mentioned are found to

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