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March 16, 1940


JAMA. 1940;114(11):956-960. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.62810110004010

Pediatric emergencies find themselves in strange company in a series of papers devoted to "extending information to physicians on the use of official medicines," since relatively few of them require medicinal treatment. When they do, however, the indications are nearly always simple, single and mandatory, and the results are favorable. Only such emergencies will be discussed as occur, alone or predominantly, in childhood or that differ significantly from those of later life.

NEWBORN PERIOD  The newborn infant presents emergencies that are unique. Asphyxia of any degree calls for respiratory stimulation. In the mildest cases flicking cold water or ether on the chest is often all that is necessary. In all the more serious cases the methods of choice, and the most effective, are the use of carbon dioxide inhalation and the Drinker respirator. Yandell Henderson1 gives the following directions: "The carbon dioxide required for the initial resuscitation should be