From prehistoric times, medicine has aimed to provide the world with men qualified by training and experience to extend the boundaries of knowledge of man and his illnesses and to apply such knowledge to the alleviation of suffering. The temple of Aesculapius at Cos gave us Hippocrates and an orderly description of the manifestations of disease. Galen, by experimental methods, learned anatomy and physiology. His teachings were accepted for a thousand years. Vesalius and Harvey renewed the search for accurate information concerning the structure and function of the human body in order better to understand and cure disease. In modern times such eminent men as Virchow and Pasteur have greatly enlarged our knowledge of the causation of disease and thereby laid the foundation for rational treatment. To Ephraim McDowell, William Beaumont, Marion Sims, Crawford Long, William Thomas Green Morton, Weir Mitchell, John S. Billings, William Osler, W. W. Keen, W.
ABELL I. THE GOAL OF MEDICAL EDUCATION. JAMA. 1940;114(13):1146–1147. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810130008003
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