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April 6, 1940

APPENDICITISAN ANALYSIS OF 1,153 CASES AT THE CINCINNATI GENERAL HOSPITAL

JAMA. 1940;114(14):1307-1311. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810140007002
Abstract

For the present knowledge of appendicitis and the important concepts of its surgical treatment physicians are indebted to Fitz, Murphy, McBurney and others, who, during the last fourteen years of the nineteenth century, succeeded in acquainting the medical profession with the clinical picture of the disease. If one remembers that, only a short while before, inflammation of the right lower quadrant had been a little understood and frequently fatal disease, the brilliant results obtained by these men must seem remarkable. How little has been added to their concepts becomes apparent on reviewing their articles and painfully so when the results of modern therapy are compared with those obtained by these pioneers fifty years ago.

It was not until 1925 that, through the reports of the United States Bureau of Census and of some of the larger life insurance companies, physicians became aware that the mortality from appendicitis was rising. Bower

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