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May 4, 1940

Milk and Nutrition: New Experiments Reported to the Milk Nutrition Committee. Part IV. The Effects of Dietary Supplements of Pasteurised and Raw Milk on the Growth and Health of School Children (Final Report): Summary of All Researches Carried out by the Committee and Practical Conclusions

JAMA. 1940;114(18):1831. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810180107031

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In this final report the Milk Nutrition Committee presents a complete analysis of certain school-feeding experiments, summarizes the results of all the experimental work sponsored by the committee, which has been in existence since 1934, and attempts to evaluate the importance of these research studies in solving problems of human nutrition. The twofold objective of this research was to compare the nutritive values of raw and pasteurized milk and to ascertain the effectiveness for the growth and health of school children of a "milk-in-schools scheme," under which large numbers of children in Great Britain's schools are given a daily supplement of one third to two thirds of a pint of milk.

Over a period of about a year (from fifty-two to fifty-six weeks) 6,097 children between the ages of 5 and 14 years in five communities in England and Scotland were given a supplementary feeding each school day. In each

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