Gilbert was one of a handful of physicians in ' England in the 13th century, who prepared one or more major manuscripts in medicine, that were of sufficient significance to hold the attention of the profession into the following centuries. The surname, "Anglicus," testifies to his European reputation, since the English would probably not speak of a fellow physician as the "Englishman." The Compendium Medicinae, his most famous tract, is a substantial treatise devoted largely to internal medicine but with chapters on wounds, fractures, lithotomy, herniotomy, and other selected surgical subjects. The manuscript is believed to have been composed about 1240. The first printed edition, published in Lyon in 1510, embraced 724 pages.1 Beyond the inferences that may be drawn from the contents of the Compendium and his other manuscripts, only bare details are known of his training and the extent of his practice.
The best interpretation of his biographical data
GILBERTUS ANGLICUS—GILBERT OF ENGLAND. JAMA. 1964;189(8):634–635. doi:10.1001/jama.1964.03070080040015
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