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The history of the American College of Physicians is a story of the rise to stature of internal medicine in this country— the culmination of the slow transition of the desire to form a scientific organization for physicians who abandoned the familiar "Physician and Surgeon" category which had prevailed since colonial times. In the latter part of the 19th century, the American Clinical and Climatological Association and the Association of American Physicians were organized for physicians who chose to devote their professional talents to internal medicine. However, membership was markedly restricted in each organization, and no pretense was made to fulfill the function in America of the Royal College of Physicians in England. In the establishment of the American College of Physicians, membership requirements included affiliation with the American Congress on Internal Medicine and the practice of medicine for a minimum of ten years. Election to Fellowship in the College
Talbott JH. Gateway of honor. JAMA. 1963;183(7):623. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.03700070151037
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