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June 30, 1962


JAMA. 1962;180(13):1124-1125. doi:10.1001/jama.1962.03050260046011

Don Santiago Ramón y Cajal was born in 1852, concluding a span of more than 6 centuries following that other great Spanish physician— Maimonides. After the decline of the Moorish domination of the Western Mediterranean, medicine lay fallow in Spain until the great neurohistologist appeared on the scene and recaptured the attention of medical scientists throughout the world. His autobiography, translated with warmth and comprehension by Professor E. Horne Craigie of Toronto, begins:1

I was born on the first of May, 1852, in Petilla de Aragon, a small town of Navarre, situated, by a strange geographical freak, in the center of the province of Zaragoza not far from Sos. The uncertainties of the medical profession took my father, Justo Ramón Casasús, a pure-blooded Aragonese, and a modest surgeon at the time, to the insignificant village which was my birthplace, and where I passed the first two years of my