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News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
January 18, 2012

Vital Signs: HIV Prevention Through Care and Treatment—United States

JAMA. 2012;307(3):247-250. doi:

MMWR. 2011;60:1618-1623

Abstract, 2 figures, 1 table omitted

On November 29, 2011, this report was posted as an MMWR Early Release on the MMWR website (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr).


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes a chronic infection that leads to a progressive disease. Without treatment, most persons with HIV develop acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) within 10 years of infection, which results in substantial morbidity and premature death.1 Approximately 50,000 persons in the United States were infected with HIV annually during 2006-2009.2 Approximately 16,000 persons with AIDS die each year.3 A consistently suppressed HIV viral load is associated with reduced morbidity and mortality and a lower probability of transmitting HIV to sex partners.4 Testing identifies infected persons and is the entry point to a continuum of HIV health-care and social services that improve health outcomes, including survival. This continuum includes diagnosis (HIV testing), linkage to and retention in continuous medical care for HIV, prevention counseling and other services that reduce transmission, and appropriately timed and consistent antiretroviral therapy (ART) for viral suppression. This report estimates the number of HIV-infected persons who received selected services along the continuum of HIV care in the United States and the overall percentage of persons with HIV who had a suppressed viral load.