Author Affiliations: Harvard Medical School, and Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
Atherosclerotic disease appears to be less deadly than it was in the past; from 1998 to 2008, fatalities from cardiovascular disease (CVD) declined by 31%.1 However, that CVD is still listed as the cause for 1 of every 3 US deaths1 indicates a persistent burden of disease related to the obesity epidemic, inactive lifestyles, and poor eating habits, which contribute both to obesity and to CVD risk directly.1 Some epidemiologists project that by the year 2030, the rate of myocardial infarction may increase again by as much as 16.6% more than current levels.1
de Ferranti SD. Declining Cholesterol Levels in US Youths: A Reason for Optimism. JAMA. 2012;308(6):621–622. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.9621
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