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Global Health
October 17, 2012

Nurse-Centered HIV Care

JAMA. 2012;308(15):1515. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.13776

Shifting clinical tasks required for the care of patients with HIV from physicians to nurses can be done safely and effectively, according to a new study (Fairall L et al. Lancet. 2012;380[9845]:889-893).

The shortage of physicians available to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) in South Africa is a major obstacle to treating more patients with HIV. Researchers from the United Kingdom and South Africa conducted a 2-year randomized controlled trial with more than 15 000 patients from 31 ART clinics in South Africa to see if nurses could take on the tasks normally performed by physicians.