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Global Health
April 17, 2013

Childhood Cancer in the Developing World

JAMA. 2013;309(15):1578. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.4120

Many children in the developing world die of potentially curable cancers, and delivery of better care, research, and education of professionals is needed to reverse this trend, according to a new report (Sullivan R et al. Lancet Oncol. 2013;14[3]:e125-135).

Rates of childhood cancer are increasing globally, and about 100 000 children die of cancer before the age of 15 years, more than 90% of them in low- and middle-income countries. Approximately 80% of children with cancer in high-income countries survive. However, in low-resource settings, many cases are detected too late for effective treatment.