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News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
May 8, 2013

CDC Releases First National Guidelines on Managing Q Fever

Author Affiliations

News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Section Editor: Rebecca Voelker, MSJ.

JAMA. 2013;309(18):1887. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.4647

Clinicians now have guidelines to help them diagnose and treat Q fever, a worldwide zoonotic disease caused by the Coxiella burnetii bacterium. The new guidelines, the first to be released in the United States, have been in development for 3 years.

First described in 1937, Q fever became a nationally notifiable disease in the United States in 1999. Cases of the illness increased 9-fold in the United States between 2000 and 2008, and the national seroprevalence is estimated to be 3.1%. Human infections have been reported in every state and in every region of the world except Antarctica.