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Original Contribution
March 28, 1964

Upright Renal Arteriography in the Study of Renal Hypertension

Author Affiliations

Los Angeles
From the Department of Surgery, Division of Urology (Dr. Kaufman), and from the departments of radiology (Dr. Hanafee) and medicine (Dr. Maxwell), University of California Center for Health Sciences.

JAMA. 1964;187(13):977-980. doi:10.1001/jama.1964.03060260005001

Renal arteriography was employed in 51 hypertensive patients in the upright position and was found to have several advantages over conventional techniques. Improved filling of the renal vascular tree was regularly observed and stenotic lesions of the renal arteries were discovered more readily. Nephroptosis was encountered in 12 of 17 patients with fibromuscular hyperplasia of the renal artery. This high incidence suggests that abnormal renal mobility may produce this obscure disease of the arterial wall. Evidence has been found that renal ptosis may cause orthostatic hypertension by elongating and narrowing the renal artery in the presence or absence of underlying stenotic disease.