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Medical News and Perspectives
November 23/30, 2005

Kidney Failure Rates End 20-Year Climb

JAMA. 2005;294(20):2563. doi:10.1001/jama.294.20.2563

Rates for new cases of kidney failure appear to have stabilized in the past few years after a 2-decade period of annual increases in incidence.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) reported on October 11 that the rate for new cases of kidney failure in 2003 was 338 per 1 million individuals, about the same as the 340 cases per 1 million seen in 2002 (http://www.usrds.org/atlas.htm). This latest figure continued a 4-year trend in which the yearly incidence rate has flattened, and researchers expressed cautious optimism that this promising development is not a chance occurrence. (During the 1980s and much of the 1990s, most years saw increases of 5% to 10% over the previous year.)