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From the JAMA Network
September 4, 2013

Behavior Change and Community Participation: Assessing Causal Pathways Affecting Neonatal Mortality

Author Affiliations
  • 1Family Health Program, Division of Global Development, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington
JAMA. 2013;310(9):969-970. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.277269

Why do millions of infants continue to die needlessly each year when tools are available to save them? Most newborn deaths occur in high-poverty areas, where underskilled and underresourced home deliveries are common, prenatal and postnatal care is minimal or nonexistent, and health systems are weak. Nevertheless, evidence suggests that neonatal mortality can be reduced by about two-thirds with simple, low-cost interventions.1