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October 23/30, 2013

Eliminating Prevention Counseling to Improve HIV Screening

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, Colorado
  • 2Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora
  • 3Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora
  • 4Denver Public Health, Denver, Colorado
  • 5Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora
JAMA. 2013;310(16):1679-1680. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.280035

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates more than 1.1 million people in the United States are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, including 18% who remain undiagnosed.1 In July 2010, the Office of National AIDS Policy issued the first National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States, with a short-term goal of reducing the number of individuals with undiagnosed HIV infection to 10% by 2015 and a more general goal of creating an AIDS-free generation.2 Screening and testing for HIV infection is at the forefront of efforts to achieve these goals, and in 2013 the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) supported a broader HIV screening approach by changing its recommendation for routine HIV screening from grade C to grade A.3

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