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The Cover
June 25, 2008

The Cage

Author Affiliations

The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate, MD, Senior Contributing Editor.

JAMA. 2008;299(24):2832. doi:10.1001/jama.299.24.2832

She was one of the most successful of all the French Impressionists: a regular exhibitor at the Paris Salon in her early days, she later exhibited in all the Impressionist shows save one; she sold more paintings and generated a higher income than any of the men. Gifted and the daughter of an upper-middle-class family with liberal values, she—as well as her two sisters—was solidly trained in drawing, painting, and copying at the Louvre. She presided at gatherings in her home that attracted the most modern of the French intelligentsia; she was also privy to the latest gossip from the often-rowdy Café Guérbois, received first-hand from one of its frequenters, Édouard Manet. She was also married, to Manet's brother Eugène, and the mother of a daughter, Julie. But in spite of all of her success, Berthe Morisot (1841-1895) remained aware of the barriers that confronted women who wished to be professional artists, not least those who wished to combine marriage, motherhood, and painting.