It is estimated that, worldwide, more than 230 million major operations are performed each year.1 Surgical procedures may encompass a wide spectrum of complexity and indications, from emergency interventions (such as appendectomy), to lifesaving or life-extending operations (such as liver transplantation), to elective surgical interventions (such as total joint replacement), to cosmetic surgery procedures (such as breast augmentation).
Flum DR, Zeller JL, Fontanarosa PB. Surgery and the Public's HealthCall for Papers. JAMA. 2009;301(2):218. doi:10.1001/jama.2008.1003
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