The high risk of premature death among Russian adults, particularly men, is strongly affected by vodka consumption, according to a prospective observational study carried out by an international team of researchers (Zaridze D et al. Lancet. doi:10.1016/S0140-673662247-3 [published online January 31, 2014]).
The researchers interviewed 210 002 adults in 3 west Siberian industrial cities about their alcohol consumption between 1999 and 2008. After excluding those with previous illness, the researchers obtained follow-up data on mortality for the remaining 151 811 individuals who were between the ages of 35 and 74 years over the course of 11 years. About 8000 of the participants died during this time period.
M. J. Friedrich. Vodka Consumption Leads to High Risk of Premature Death in Russian Men. JAMA. 2014;311(11):1101. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.2579