At an early age, William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1825-1905) mastered a classical and popular style, and against the advice of the avant-garde, he stuck to it, producing more than 800 paintings in his lifetime and accumulating award after award from the official art establishment. In time Bouguereau became a prominent member of the art establishment himself, earning a life membership in the Académie des Beaux-Arts of the Institut de France. As a painter, referee, and teacher, he achieved greatness in the official art world and willingly passed along its traditions to a new generation of artists.
Cole TB. Homer and His Guide. JAMA. 2010;303(9):817. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.214
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