Contemporary management of advanced heart disease has benefited greatly from a multidisciplinary approach involving not only cardiologists and cardiac surgeons but also a range of other clinicians including nurses, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, social workers, nutritionists, and psychologists. Perhaps in no other medical field does close collaboration between medical and surgical specialists translate so directly into improved clinical outcomes and cost-efficient delivery of care. Programs with the best collaborative and integrated programs arguably have superior outcomes in this population of patients with advanced illness. Knowledge and understanding of options available to patients with advanced heart failure is important for developing the optimal plan of care and maximizing outcomes for an individual patient.
Sweitzer NK, Velez M. Management of Heart Failure. JAMA. 2010;303(14):1427–1428. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.416
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