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May 13, 1998

CONSORT: An Evolving Tool to Help Improve the Quality of Reports of Randomized Controlled Trials

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine, and Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, University of Ottawa.


Controversies section editor: Phil B. Fontanarosa, MD, Senior Editor.

JAMA. 1998;279(18):1489-1491. doi:10.1001/jama.279.18.1489

REPORTS OF RANDOMIZED controlled trials (RCTs) have become the "gold standard" by which health care professionals make decisions about the effectiveness of most interventions. Such reports, accurately documenting the conduct of RCTs, should be of the highest possible quality to ensure that their results are as free of bias as possible. Proposals to help improve the quality of reports of RCTs have existed for some time.1,2 Unfortunately, the evidence indicates that there is still considerable room for improvement in how RCTs are reported.