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May 12, 1999

JAMA-EXPRESS: Rapid Peer Review and Publication

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Dr Winker is Deputy Editor and Dr Fontanarosa is Interim Coeditor of JAMA.

JAMA. 1999;281(18):1754-1755. doi:10.1001/jama.281.18.1754

Rapid dissemination of results of high-quality scientific investigations is desirable and now possible, prompting editors and researchers to examine ways to reduce the time from completion of a study to publication of the results.1 Delays from study completion to article publication can occur at many stages, including by researchers in submitting the manuscript,2 by editors and peer reviewers during editorial evaluation and peer review, by authors during manuscript revision, and by limitations imposed by journal space and frequency of publication.3 JAMA has made many efforts to minimize the delay, with an average turnaround from submission to publication of 180 days and acceptance to publication of 60 days. For an article of substantial public health importance, however, even this time may be too long. Two journals have recently announced fast-track processing of manuscripts.4,5