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June 16, 1999

Declines in Drowning: Exploring the Epidemiology of Favorable Trends

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md (Dr Smith), and Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Mass (Dr Howland).

JAMA. 1999;281(23):2245-2247. doi:10.1001/jama.281.23.2245

Over the past quarter century, fatality rates in many unintentional injury categories have declined dramatically, both in the United States and in other industrialized countries.1 The largest decline in number of deaths has been from unintentional drownings, which declined from 5700 in 1986 to 3959 in 1996.1,2 In contrast to other injuries, the causes for this decline are largely unexplained.