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The Cover
June 23/30, 1999

Panorama of Eight Views of Kanazawa Under the Full Moon

JAMA. 1999;281(24):2267. doi:10.1001/jama.281.24.2267

When Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry and his seven black ships sailed into Edo Bay on that fateful day in July 1853, he had a single mission in mind: to establish a treaty that would open Japan—then under the Tokugawa shogunate and isolated from most of the rest of the world for the previous 212 centuries—to foreign trade. He could hardly have anticipated the effect his mission would have on Western painting. Among the many exports would be the inexpensive, yet striking, woodblock prints known as ukiyo-e, literally, "pictures of the floating world."