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The Cover
August 4, 1999

Salome With the Head of St John the Baptist

JAMA. 1999;282(5):409. doi:10.1001/jama.282.5.409

The Bolognese painter Guido Reni (1575-1642) was only one of the stars in the great firmament of the 17th century. But he was also one of the brightest, outshining, right up to the middle of the 19th century, many whose names are more familiar to us today than his. Born in Bologna, he was also trained in Bologna, one of the first students at the first art academy ever established, that of the Carraccis. Reni also spent considerable time in Rome, however, and it was there that his art, coming under two competing—and opposing—influences, received its final form. Early on, he experimented with the tenebrism of Carravaggio, where harsh lighting plays up the—usually violent—subject of the picture. Such harshness was not to Reni's liking, however, and it was the gentler, idealistic manner of Raphael's work that he soon adopted.