Gowns, gloves, and hand hygiene are primary tools for preventing transmission of pathogens in health care settings.1 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that these approaches be used for all patients as a part of standard precautions, which include hand hygiene on room entry and exit and after touching the environment or before touching a sterile site, and the addition of gloves, gowns, or both for patient care that involves risk for exposure to body fluids, mucous membranes, or nonintact skin.
Morgan DJ, Kaye KS, Diekema DJ. Reconsidering Isolation Precautions for Endemic Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus. JAMA. 2014;312(14):1395–1396. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.10142