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Clinical Trials Update
October 22/29, 2014

Telephone Counseling May Sustain Safer Sex Practices in Teenaged Girls

JAMA. 2014;312(16):1624. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.13121

African American adolescent girls had fewer chlamydial and gonococcal infections and safer sex over 3 years while receiving 18 telephone counseling sessions that reinforced an initial behavioral intervention to prevent sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV, reported investigators for a randomized trial (DiClemente R et al. JAMA Pediatr. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1436 [published online August 25, 2014]).

All 701 study participants, aged 14 to 20 years, attended HORIZONS, an evidence-based STI/HIV prevention program for African American adolescent girls. After completing the program, the experimental group received a prevention maintenance intervention consisting of 10-minute telephone counseling sessions every 8 weeks over 36 months. Counselors identified a participant’s STI/HIV risk factors and reinforced prevention strategies. Participants in the comparison group received placebo telephone counseling promoting good health and overcoming obstacles to achieving nutrition and physical activity goals.

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