The Italian humanists of the 15th century built their edifice on the
twin pillars of Apollo and Dionysius. Representing the antipodes of human
nature, one was the god of the fine arts, medicine, music, poetry, and eloquence,
the other the god of wine, fertility, abundance, and sensual pleasure. If
one reflected the calm harmony of reason and order, the other epitomized the
passion and disorder of reason asleep. Raphael's lucid School of Athens (JAMA cover, March 17, 1999) is an example of Apollo,
the rough and tumble Putti With a Wine Press
(cover ) by an unnamed Follower of Raphael (active c 1500)
an example of Dionysius.
Southgate MT. Putti With a Wine Press. JAMA. 1999;282(20):1895. doi:10.1001/jama.282.20.1895
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