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The Cover
May 24/31, 2000

Allies Day, May 1917

Author Affiliations

The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate, MD, Senior Contributing Editor.

JAMA. 2000;283(20):2625. doi:10.1001/jama.283.20.2625

Waves of patriotism swept the United States in the spring of 1917 when, after only two days of debate, the United States entered the Great War on the side of Great Britain and France. The resolution was signed by President Wilson at 1:18 on the afternoon of April 6. Flags sprouted from buildings like garden flowers. The famed "I Want You" posters went up, and the Selective Service Act was passed despite strong opposition from the Republicans. Representative Jeanette Rankin, at that time the only woman ever elected to the US Congress, and other Montana Republicans were the most opposed. Americans were not to see action (or casualties) for almost six months and the summer was one long festival of color, with flags festooning every important building.