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Books, Journals, New Media
June 21, 2000

Sport Psychiatry: Sport Psychiatry: Theory and Practice

Author Affiliations

Harriet S.MeyerMD, Contributing EditorDavid H.MorseMS, Journal Review EditorRobertHoganMD, adviser for new media


Not Available

JAMA. 2000;283(23):3127-3128. doi:10.1001/jama.283.23.3127

Sport has been known to mirror the game of life. Many of the early sports, such as the martial arts, served both as amusement and for developing physical skills needed in combat. For example, the Brazilian martial art form Capoeira (from the Bantu word kapwera, which means to fight) combines acrobatics, gymnastics, music, theatre, dance, and philosophy. Capoeira1 was founded by African slaves in Brazil who needed a means of self-defense against the oppressive slave masters. The slaves disguised their sport with music and rhythm so that their masters would not realize that they were actually refining their fighting skills. Today the players of capoeira display an improvised graceful flow of attacks and defenses, look like an endless sequence of kicks, cartwheels, flips, and foot sweeps. The style and speed of the action is determined by the rhythm of the music.