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September 6, 2000

Underrepresented Minorities in Medicine

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliation: Hastings Center, Garrison, NY; and the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark.

JAMA. 2000;284(9):1138-1139. doi:10.1001/jama.284.9.1138

Academic medicine in the United States has striven for the last 30 years, with equivocal success, to achieve an equitable representation of minority students in medical schools.1 The most visible recent national effort was launched in 1991 with the Association of American Medical Colleges' "3000 by 2000" initiative.2,3 In 1997, Jordan J. Cohen, MD, president of the Association of American Medical Colleges, declared that the initiative had already produced some measurable results.4 However, he also warned that there were early signs of some reversal in these gains, and pointed to a societal backlash against affirmative action, as expressed in the Hopwood decision in Texas and in Proposition 209 in California.