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The Cover
October 18, 2000

Landscape No. 3

Author Affiliations

The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate, MD, Senior Contributing Editor.

JAMA. 2000;284(15):1895. doi:10.1001/jama.284.15.1895

Born in Maine, Marsden Hartley (1877-1943) had a fascination with mountains that lasted throughout his entire life. The motif is seen again and again throughout his work in various guises. In this, he was like Cézanne whose persistent motif was Mont Sainte-Victoire, the mountain in whose shadow Cézanne had been born, had lived, and had died. In 1926, Hartley's identification with Cézanne became almost literal when he rented Maison Maria, a former studio of Cézanne's in Aix-en-Provence and himself began painting Mont Sainte-Victoire over and over. In one sense, the paintings were a failure; in another, they were highly successful. They taught Hartley that he could never become Cézanne. What he could become was Marsden Hartley, and he did. Well past 50, he became a pioneer of modern art in America.