The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate,
MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
He was born at the very beginning of the nineteenth century in smoke-choked
Lancashire, the last but one of the seven children of a not-too-successful
English entrepreneur, James Cole, and his wife Mary Cole. When he died, prematurely
at age 47, he was the much beloved painter of the American wilderness, a poet
in the tradition of William Cullen Bryant, and a literary moralist in the
tradition of Ralph Waldo Emerson. His name was Thomas Cole (1801-1848), and
though he himself had no pupils save the American landscape painter Frederick
Church (JAMA cover, September 25, 1987), he became the founder of what is
today known as the Hudson River School of Painting. He and his followers approached
the natural landscape with reverence and awe, seeing it as the edifice designed
by the Great Architect, the author of life and beauty and unity.
Southgate MT. The Architect's Dream. JAMA. 2001;286(14):1681. doi:10.1001/jama.286.14.1681
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