The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate,
MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
Despite a 43-year absence from his native country, Joaquín Torres-García
(1874-1949) is known as Uruguay's "Father of Modern Art." Born and reared
near Montevideo, he was the son of a Catalan carpenter father and an Uruguayan
mother. Because of financial reverses, the family returned to the father's
native city of Mataro in Catalonia when the boy was 17. Shortly thereafter
he began his first art training, in Barcelona. Before he was 30 he was collaborating
with Spain's greatest architect, Antoni Gaudí, on Gaudí's life-long
work, Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia, and on the stained glass at
the cathedral of Palma Mallorca. For the next three decades, until he was
60, Torres-García remained an expatriate, living and working principally
in France and Spain, but in the United States as well. He became a friend
of Piet Mondrian, whose linear grids inspired him, and Theo van Doesburg,
who would also play an important role in his development, but more in opposition
than in conformity. Torres-García began incorporating squares in his
paintings, a compositional device that would become his signature.
Southgate MT. Abstract Art in Five Tones and Complementaries. JAMA. 2002;287(2):159. doi:10.1001/jama.287.2.159
Coronavirus Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: