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Books, Journals, New Media
February 5, 2003


Author Affiliations

Books, Journals, New Media Section Editor: Harriet S. Meyer, MD, Contributing Editor, JAMA; David H. Morse, MS, University of Southern California, Norris Medical Library, Journal Review Editor; adviser for new media, Robert Hogan, MD, San Diego.

JAMA. 2003;289(5):619-621. doi:10.1001/jama.289.5.619-a

The century just past saw an unequaled explosion in the science and practice of surgery, from the development of modern anesthesia to the heart-lung machine, the development of thoracic surgery as a specialty to clinical transplantation. Evarts Graham was a pioneering leader, researcher, educator, and administrator who, C. Barber Mueller writes, "dominated almost every facet of American surgery" from 1910 to 1960.

Born in 1883, a "patrician" son of a Chicago surgeon, he held the Midwestern (and I might add late Victorian) belief that "truth, faith, work, integrity, and responsibility" were essential values in the social order. As a sophomore at Princeton, from which he graduated first in his class, he defined his objective in life to his classmate, Allen O. Whipple (as quoted by Ben Eiseman in the foreword): "to perform meaningful surgical research, to become a surgical leader, and to train young surgeons."