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The Cover
July 23/30, 2003

The Bather

Author Affiliations

The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate, MD, Senior Contributing Editor.

JAMA. 2003;290(4):439. doi:10.1001/jama.290.4.439

Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) was a longtime friend and associate of the Impressionists; he even joined in two of their exhibitions, one in 1874 and another in 1877. On the other hand, their works and his are as different as skin and bone. The Impressionists caught the surface of objects; Cézanne sought their structure. One painted the skin of reality, the other its skeleton. Cézanne began where the Impressionists left off. If they were revolutionary, Cézanne was more so—the greatest revolutionary in western painting since Giotto, according to art historian John Canaday (The Lives of the Painters, III: Neoclassic to Post-Impressionist Painters. New York, NY: WW Norton & Co; 1972), and the father of modern painting. Though Cézanne continued working almost to the day of his death in 1906, already in the mid-1880s he was producing some of his most memorable paintings. Among them were landscapes (JAMA cover, February 19, 2003), portraits (JAMA cover, January 13, 1999), and a group of bathing pictures.