JAMA 100 Years Ago Section Editor: Jennifer
Reiling, Assistant Editor.
At the opening of the new medical buildings of the University of Toronto
on Thursday of this week, the address of the occasion was delivered by Prof.
Charles Scott Sherrington of the University College of Liverpool. The new
buildings in Toronto, beside being admirably adapted for the teaching of the
medical sciences in a modern way, have been especially constructed and outfitted
for the prosecution of original research. It is peculiarly fitting, therefore,
that the distinguished director of the Thompson Yates Laboratories, who is
England's greatest research physiologist, should have been chosen to make
the formal address at the opening ceremonies. Modern physiologists are roughly
divisible into two groups, one approaching the problems of physiology from
the viewpoint of medicine and interesting itself, therefore, chiefly in the
physiology of vertebrates; the other, from the viewpoint of general biology,
physics and chemistry, more concerned perhaps with the simpler forms of life
as met among the invertebrates. Both groups have in them representatives of
the highest order of productive scholarship. To the former of the two groups
Professor Sherrington belongs, though his researches and his publications
show that he is not unsympathetic with the work of members of the other group.
Professor Sherrington has enriched knowledge in every field of physiology
in which he has worked, but his most striking services perhaps are those he
has rendered to the physiology of the nervous system. His studies of the spinal
nerves and of the segmental relations and especially his researches into the
functions of the cerebrum of the vertebrates which stand nearest to man, have
given him a fame that is world wide. We understand that Professor Sherrington
is to visit some of the medical centers of the United States before he returns
to England. We can assure him of a most cordial welcome in American physiologic
laboratories, and we may perhaps hope that when he returns to Liverpool he
may favor us with some impressions of American medicine as seen through an
English physiologist's eye.
THE ORIGINATOR OF THE STOMACH TUBE.. JAMA. 2003;290(13):1786. doi:10.1001/jama.290.13.1786-a