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The World in Medicine
April 21, 2004

Multidrug-Resistant TB

JAMA. 2004;291(15):1826. doi:10.1001/jama.291.15.1826-a

Eastern Europe and Central Asia are major global hotspots for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), according to a new report by the World Health Organization (WHO). Tuberculosis patients in these regions are 10 times more likely to have drug-resistant TB than their counterparts in the rest of the world (http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/).

Six of the top 10 global hot spots are in countries from the former Soviet Union, and have resistance rates in newly diagnosed patients as high as 14%. Other nations with relatively high levels of MDR-TB include China, Ecuador, Israel, and South Africa.