Early humans associated the generative life force with the "woman-mother"
in the form of large-breasted, round-bellied figures of veneration. One of
the oldest Paleolithic female goddess statues, the Venus of Willendorf, dating
from 22 000 BC, portrays a fecund, likely pregnant, woman.1 The
Ebers Papyrus (c 1550 BC), one of the earliest Egyptian anatomic records,
clearly describes the vagina and uterus.1 Given
that both the early Egyptians and Greeks based their anatomic descriptions
on animal dissections—human dissection was forbidden—the external
genitalia, vagina, and cervix were faithfully described. However, descriptions
of the uterus remained highly imaginative.
Polan ML, Yao MWM. Stem Cell Transfer and the Uterus: The Egg Teaches the Chicken. JAMA. 2004;292(1):104–105. doi:10.1001/jama.292.1.104
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