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The Cover
October 27, 2004

Wall Street

Author Affiliations

The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate, MD, Senior Contributing Editor.

JAMA. 2004;292(16):1931. doi:10.1001/jama.292.16.1931

The Armory Show of 1913, so-called after the mid-Manhattan building in which it was held, opened the doors of America to modern art, especially as it was then developing in Paris. But a few blocks farther north and a few years later, another phenomenon occurred that also changed American art. This was not a single show or a one-time exhibit, but a movement. Centered in the literary and visual arts, the cultural blossoming seems to have burst joyously, exuberantly, even spontaneously from the lively streets and brownstone stoops of Harlem. The movement is called, after its geographic location, the Harlem Renaissance; it is also known by its more formal name as The New Negro Movement. It arose around 1919, shown brightly for a decade, and then it was over, victim, like the country itself, of Tuesday, October 29, 1929. The Great Depression had begun.