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News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
June 8, 2005

Congenital Pulmonary Tuberculosis Associated With Maternal Cerebral Tuberculosis—Florida, 2002

JAMA. 2005;293(22):2710-2711. doi:10.1001/jama.293.22.2710

MMWR. 2005;54:249-250

In 2002, congenital tuberculosis (TB), a rare disease with nonspecific signs and symptoms, was diagnosed in an infant in Florida. If untreated, congenital TB is fatal, which underscores the importance of suspecting congenital TB in newborns and infants who are at risk and who have unexplained febrile illnesses.1 This report summarizes the investigation of the case in Florida. Health-care practitioners should administer a tuberculin skin test to women who have risks for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and treat those who have latent TB infection (LTBI) to prevent maternal and congenital TB disease.2