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The Cover
June 15, 2005

Dr Horatio C. Wood

JAMA. 2005;293(23):2836. doi:10.1001/jama.293.23.2836

Thomas Eakins (1844-1916) often found himself the unwelcome target of critics. Eakins pretended not to care, but the wounds went deep. His low point came in 1886 when he was dismissed as director of the schools and professor of painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, purportedly for removing the drape from a male model in the presence of his women students. As passionate about teaching as he was about painting, Eakins went into a slump in which he produced not a single painting for several months. The crisis was resolved, apparently, in 1887 by Dr Horatio C. Wood, a prominent Philadelphia physician who specialized in “nervous diseases.” Wood prescribed the “rest cure,” a popular therapy championed by Wood’s colleague, Dr S. Weir Mitchell.