Author Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics,
University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston Medical School, Houston
(Dr Tyson); and Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario
The long-term outcome for extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants—weighing
less than 1000 g at birth—is of great interest to parents, the public,
and a broad variety of professional groups, including educators, psychologists,
health care planners, as well as obstetricians, neonatologists, pediatricians,
and all other medical specialists involved in the care of these children.
Studies of small premature infants born before the 1990s indicated that intensive
perinatal care decreased their mortality without decreasing the proportion
of survivors with disabilities. As a result, the absolute number of the survivors
with disabilities increased.1
Tyson JE, Saigal S. Outcomes for Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants: Disappointing News. JAMA. 2005;294(3):371–373. doi:10.1001/jama.294.3.371
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