Author Affiliations: Department of Medicine,
Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Center for Education and
Research on Therapeutics, and Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania
School of Medicine, Philadelphia.
Consider the following 3 newly admitted patients. The first patient
has marked hypoxemia requiring mechanical ventilation and is found to have
nonspecific, bilateral, alveolar infiltrates on chest radiography. The second
patient has had a severe change in mental status and on brain imaging has
an enhancing lesion exerting a mass effect. The third patient has high fevers,
ventilator-dependent respiratory failure, and diffuse nodular infiltrates
on chest radiography, with negative blood, urine, and sputum cultures after
Halpern SD. HIV Testing Without Consent in Critically Ill Patients. JAMA. 2005;294(6):734–737. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.294.6.734
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