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Medical News & Perspectives
February 21, 2007

Pattern of US Tuberculosis Cases Shifting

JAMA. 2007;297(7):685. doi:10.1001/jama.297.7.685

Tuberculosis (TB) cases in the United States are riding a dangerous seesaw. While reported disease among those born in the United States has plummeted, cases in foreign-born individuals is rising, prompting public health officials to call for updated guidelines to address latent TB infection among individuals from high-risk countries who have lived in the United States for more than 5 years.

“There's a huge disparity,” said Kevin Cain, MD, a medical epidemiologist in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Division of Tuberculosis Elimination. “We're trying to understand why . . . and what we can do to change that.”