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September 26, 2007

The Urgent Need to Reduce Sodium Consumption

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Science, Quality, and Public Health (Dr Havas), Science Policy (Dr Dickinson), and Professional Standards (Dr Wilson), American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois.

JAMA. 2007;298(12):1439-1441. doi:10.1001/jama.298.12.1439

Approximately 16.7 million individuals worldwide,1 including 850 000 in the United States,2 annually die of cardiovascular diseases. Almost 8 million of these deaths are attributed to hypertension (systolic blood pressure [SBP] ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] ≥90 mm Hg or taking antihypertensive medication).3 Many additional deaths are attributable to prehypertension (SBP ≥120-139 mm Hg and/or DBP ≥80-89 mm Hg). In the United States, more than 27% of adults have hypertension and another 31% have prehypertension.4 The lifetime probability of developing hypertension in the United States approaches 90%.5 Worldwide, more than 26% of adults have hypertension.6

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