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July 12, 2006

Update on JAMA's Conflict of Interest Policy

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Ms Flanagin (annette.flanagin@jama-archives.org) is Managing Deputy Editor, Dr Fontanarosa is Executive Deputy Editor, and Dr DeAngelis is Editor in Chief, JAMA.

JAMA. 2006;296(2):220-221. doi:10.1001/jama.296.2.220

Since the mid-1980s, JAMA and other medical journals have encouraged authors to disclose conflicts of interest that they may have in the subject matter of their manuscripts.1 In 1989, JAMA began requiring authors to sign a statement declaring all potential financial conflicts of interest and began including all such disclosures in published articles.2 Since that time, the journal's conflict of interest policy has continued to evolve with the goal of improving disclosures and transparency for all involved.3,4 For example, the policy applies to all types of manuscripts, including letters and book reviews, and to all individuals involved in the review, editorial evaluation, and publication process, including peer reviewers, editorial board members, and editors. Most recently, JAMA began requiring authors to specifically indicate if they have no conflicts of interest in the subject matter of their manuscript.4 The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE),5 the Council of Science Editors (CSE),6 and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME)7 have similar policies.