Step by step as we descend from the level of the extreme rich to that of the extreme poor, we find conditions increasing which militate against the live of little ones. Where people are poorest, and where the scantiest means are found to combat evils which threaten, there invariably we find the darkest tenements, the narrowest and foulest streets, the lowest standards of living and the greatest ignorance. In consequence the death-rate among infants, as all persons know who work in these localities, is appalling. Especially in the summer, the babies literally die like flies. The fear of something terrible hangs like the sword of Damocles over the frightened, ignorant, and too often superstitious mother. Why does the baby die? The mother does not know. She knows only that her baby is vomiting and lying almost lifeless in their arms, and that at any moment it may follow where the
PHILLIPS WC. EDUCATIONAL WORK IN REDUCING INFANT MORTALITY. JAMA. 1910;55(2):114–118. doi:10.1001/jama.1910.04330020018006
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